Mathematical Distributions

Mathematical distributions refer to the statistical representation of data. It helps to analyze and understand the spread of a dataset. This post will provide an intuitive guide to mathematical distributions.

What is a mathematical distribution?

A mathematical distribution refers to a function that represents the probabilities of all possible outcomes in a dataset. It helps in predicting the probability of occurrence of events in future iterations.

What are the types of mathematical distributions?

There are several types of mathematical distributions, including:

  • Normal Distribution
  • Binomial Distribution
  • Poisson Distribution

Normal Distribution

Normal distribution is also known as Gaussian distribution. It is a continuous probability distribution that follows a bell-shaped curve. The mean, median, and mode are usually equal in normal distribution, and more than 68% of data falls within one standard deviation from the mean.

Binomial Distribution

Binomial distribution is used to represent probability occurrences in two possible outcomes — success or failure. This type of distribution requires n number of independent experiments and determined probability for success or failure for each experiment.

Poisson Distribution

Poisson distribution is used to calculate the probability of success within a given time frame or event. It assumes events occur independently at a fixed rate over time and that it only counts events that occur in that set time frame.

How are mathematical distributions used?

Mathematical distributions play an essential role in fields such as finance, engineering, and sciences, where data analysis is needed. They help identify patterns or trends that can be used for predictions or decision making.

What are the key features of mathematical distributions?

The key features of mathematical distributions include:

  • Mean: The average value of data.
  • Median: The middle value when the data set is heaped.
  • Mode: The most common value appearing in a dataset.
  • Standard Deviation: A measure that shows how much variation exists from average value.
  • Skewness: A measure describing the symmetry or unevenness of a distribution curve.
  • Kurtosis: A measure indicating how much data is near to the central peak.

How to identify a mathematical distribution?

One way to identify a mathematical distribution is by generating a histogram of the data. The shape of the histogram can help determine the type of distribution that the data follows. Alternatively, statistical software can be used to provide accurate distributions.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using mathematical distributions?


  • Predictions can be made for future outcomes.
  • Can help detect trends and patterns in data.
  • Enables decision making based on data analysis.


  • May not always represent real-world scenarios.
  • Assumptions made in creating distributions can affect results.
  • Distributions may not be accurate if sample size is too small.


Mathematical distributions are an essential aspect of statistics that allows experts to analyze and make predictions regarding various datasets. Understanding the different types of distributions is crucial when interpreting data from different disciplines.


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