Understanding  Hypertext Transfer Protocol

Hypertext Transfer Protocol, also known as HTTP, is an Internet Protocol used for Web Communication. It is a set of rules that allows data to be transferred between web servers and browsers. HTTP is based on the TCP/IP protocol, which ensures reliable communication over the internet.

What is the Purpose of HTTP?

The main purpose of HTTP is to enable communication between servers and clients in a web application. It allows clients to request resources from servers and servers to respond with the requested data. HTTP is responsible for the transmission of various types of data such as text, images, videos, etc.

How Does HTTP Work?

HTTP works on a client-server model where a client sends a request to a server for a resource. The server responds to the request by providing the requested resource. The communication between client and server happens through a series of requests and responses.

What is the Difference Between HTTP and HTTPS?

HTTP stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol while HTTPS stands for Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure. The main difference between the two protocols is that HTTPS uses SSL/TLS encryption while HTTP does not. This means that HTTPS provides additional security for data transmission over the internet.

What is HTTP/2?

HTTP/2 is an updated version of the HTTP protocol that was designed to improve website loading speed and performance. It uses fewer connections between clients and servers, reduces latency, and compresses content for faster delivery.

What are Some Advantages of Using HTTP?

Using HTTP provides several advantages such as:

  • It allows easy communication between clients and servers
  • It enables fast transfer of web content
  • It supports different types of data transmission
  • It supports caching which improves website performance

What are Some Disadvantages of Using HTTP?

Using HTTP also has some disadvantages such as:

  • Lack of security
  • Vulnerable to attacks like man-in-the-middle attacks
  • Limited scalability


  1. Fielding, R. T., Gettys, J., Mogul, J. C., Frystyk, H., Masinter, L., Leach, P. J., & Berners-Lee, T. (1999). Hypertext Transfer Protocol--HTTP/1.1. RFC 2616.
  2. Grigorik, I. (2013). High Performance Browser Networking: What every web developer should know about networking and web performance. O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  3. Nielsen, H. F., & Nordstrom, L. (2015). HTTP/2: A New Excerpt from High Performance Browser Networking (O'Reilly). O'Reilly Media, Inc.
  4. Shklar, L., & Rosen, R. (2014). Web application architecture: principles, protocols and practices. John Wiley & Sons.
  5. Singh, S., & Kumar, S. (2018). Web Server – HTTP Protocol Architecture and Design Principles for Implementing Web Servers on Embedded Systems. In Internet of Things and Big Data Analytics Toward Next-Generation Intelligence (pp. 73-83). Springer, Cham.

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